Evista: Uses – Side Effects – Warnings

Evista is an FDA-approved medication that helps to prevent and treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. In addition to its bone-strengthening properties, Evista also helps to reduce the risk of breast cancer in women who are at high risk for the disease.

The generic name of Evista is raloxifene, and it is classified as a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM). As a SERM, Evista can act as an estrogen agonist or antagonist in different parts of the body, depending on the tissue that it is acting on.

In this article, we will explore the uses, benefits, side effects, and warnings associated with Evista.

Uses

Evista is primarily used to prevent and treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Osteoporosis is a condition in which bone density decreases, leading to fragile bones that are more likely to break. By increasing bone density, Evista helps to reduce the risk of fractures and other osteoporosis-related complications.

In addition to its bone-strengthening properties, Evista has also been shown to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer. Women who are at high risk for breast cancer, such as those with a family history of the disease, may benefit from taking Evista to reduce their risk.

Benefits

The primary benefit of Evista is its ability to increase bone density and reduce the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures. In clinical trials, Evista has been shown to reduce the risk of vertebral fractures by up to 30% and non-vertebral fractures by up to 24%.

In addition, Evista has also been shown to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer by up to 44%. This makes it a valuable option for women who are at high risk for breast cancer and are looking for ways to reduce their risk.

Side Effects

As with any medication, Evista can cause side effects in some people. Some of the most common side effects of Evista include:

  • Hot flashes
  • Leg cramps
  • Swelling of the hands, feet, and legs
  • Joint pain
  • Dizziness
  • Vaginal bleeding

In rare cases, Evista can also cause more serious side effects, such as blood clots, stroke, or cancer of the uterus. Women who are taking Evista should be aware of these risks and should discuss them with their doctor.

Warnings

Women who have a history of blood clots, stroke, or breast cancer should not take Evista. In addition, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should avoid Evista, as it can be harmful to the developing fetus or nursing baby.

Women who are taking Evista should also be aware of the potential for interactions with other medications. Evista can interact with blood thinners, cholesterol-lowering medications, and certain antibiotics, among other drugs.

It is important for women who are taking Evista to stay up-to-date with their bone density tests and to follow their doctor’s instructions regarding diet, exercise, and supplementation.

FAQs

1. How long does it take for Evista to start working?

It can take several months of taking Evista for the full bone-strengthening benefits to be seen. Women taking Evista to reduce their risk of breast cancer may also need to take the medication for an extended period of time before seeing any benefits.

2. Can Evista be taken with other medications?

Women who are taking Evista should discuss all other medications, supplements, and vitamins that they are taking with their doctor to ensure that there are no potential interactions.

3. Is Evista safe for long-term use?

Evista is considered safe for long-term use in postmenopausal women who are at high risk for breast cancer or osteoporosis. Women who are taking Evista should continue to have their bone density tested regularly and should follow their doctor’s recommendations for diet and exercise.

4. Can Evista cause weight gain?

Weight gain is not a common side effect of Evista. Women who experience significant weight gain while taking Evista should discuss this with their doctor.

5. Can Evista be used to treat osteoporosis in men?

Evista has not been approved for the treatment of osteoporosis in men. It is only approved for use in postmenopausal women.

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