Glucophage: Uses – Side Effects – Warnings

Glucophage, also known by its generic name Metformin, is an oral medication commonly used to treat Type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a group of medications called biguanides and works by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and improving the body’s response to insulin.

Uses

Glucophage is primarily used to lower blood sugar levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. It is often prescribed in combination with other medications to help control blood sugar levels.

Benefits

Glucophage has been shown to have several benefits in managing Type 2 diabetes, including:

  • Reducing the risk of heart disease
  • Improving insulin sensitivity
  • Decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver
  • Lowering blood sugar levels

Side Effects

Like any medication, Glucophage may cause side effects. The most common side effects include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Taste changes

These side effects are usually mild and go away as the body adjusts to the medication. However, if these side effects persist or become severe, it is important to speak with a doctor.

In rare cases, Glucophage may cause a serious condition called lactic acidosis. This occurs when there is a build-up of lactic acid in the body. Symptoms of lactic acidosis include:

  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness
  • Trouble breathing
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Dizziness
  • Unusual tiredness

If any of these symptoms occur, seek medical attention immediately.

Warnings

Before taking Glucophage, it is important to inform a doctor of any medical conditions or medications being taken, as it may interact with other medications or worsen certain medical conditions.

Glucophage may cause low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia), especially when taken in combination with other diabetes medications. Symptoms of low blood sugar include:

  • Sweating
  • Trembling
  • Confusion
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness

If these symptoms occur, consume a source of sugar immediately and seek medical attention if necessary.

FAQs

Can Glucophage be used to treat Type 1 diabetes?

No, Glucophage is only used to treat Type 2 diabetes.

Can Glucophage be used during pregnancy?

Glucophage may be used during pregnancy if deemed necessary by a doctor, although Insulin is the preferred medication for controlling blood sugar levels during pregnancy.

How is Glucophage typically taken?

Glucophage is usually taken with meals two to three times a day, depending on the doctor’s prescription.

Should Glucophage be taken at the same time every day?

Yes, Glucophage should be taken at the same time every day to maintain consistent blood sugar levels.

Is there a generic version of Glucophage?

Yes, the generic name for Glucophage is Metformin.

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