Tolterodine: Uses – Side Effects – Warnings

Tolterodine is a prescription medication that belongs to a class of drugs called antimuscarinics. It is primarily used to treat overactive bladder (OAB), a condition characterized by urinary urgency, frequency, and in some cases, urinary incontinence. Tolterodine helps relax the muscles of the bladder, thereby reducing involuntary contractions and controlling the symptoms associated with OAB.


Tolterodine is mainly prescribed for the following uses:

  • Treating overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms
  • Relieving urinary urgency and frequency
  • Reducing the number of incontinence episodes


The medication offers several benefits to individuals suffering from overactive bladder:

  • Improved control of bladder muscles
  • Reduced urinary urgency and frequency
  • Decreased episodes of urinary incontinence
  • Enhanced quality of life

Side Effects

While tolterodine is generally well-tolerated, it may cause certain side effects in some individuals. Common side effects include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation
  • Upset stomach
  • Blurred vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache

If any of these side effects persist or worsen, it is important to consult a healthcare professional.


It is crucial to be aware of the following warnings and precautions associated with tolterodine:

  • Tolterodine should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional.
  • Inform your doctor if you have any pre-existing medical conditions, especially liver or kidney problems.
  • Tolterodine may interact with certain medications, so inform your doctor about any drugs you are currently taking.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult their doctor before taking tolterodine.
  • Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery until you know how tolterodine affects you, as it may cause drowsiness or blurred vision.
  • Avoid consuming alcohol while taking this medication, as it can worsen certain side effects.
  • If you experience difficulty urinating, severe abdominal pain, or other concerning symptoms while taking tolterodine, seek immediate medical attention.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Can I take tolterodine without a prescription?

No, tolterodine is a prescription medication and should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

2. How long does it take for tolterodine to start working?

The effects of tolterodine may vary from person to person. However, some individuals may notice an improvement in their symptoms within a few days of starting the medication.

3. Can I drink alcohol while taking tolterodine?

It is advisable to avoid consuming alcohol while taking tolterodine, as it can intensify certain side effects such as drowsiness and dizziness.

4. Can tolterodine be used in children?

Tolterodine is usually not recommended for use in children. However, in certain cases, a healthcare professional may prescribe it after assessing the potential benefits and risks.

5. Can tolterodine cure overactive bladder completely?

Tolterodine helps manage the symptoms of overactive bladder, but it does not cure the condition. It provides relief by relaxing the bladder muscles, but long-term management and lifestyle modifications may still be necessary.

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